Procedures for exporting and importing minerals in Tanzania

Procedures for exporting and importing minerals in Tanzania

Original link: http://www.tmaa.go.tz/uploads/ExportImport_English.pdf

Who controls the minerals in Tanzania?

According to Section 5 of the Mining Act, 2010 the control over minerals on, in or under the land of the Tanzania mainland is vested in the United Republic. Authority is therefore required to be obtained from the licensing authority for prospecting, mining and trading in minerals.

Under what authority can one own or possess minerals?

Section 6 of the Mining Act, 2010 prohibits any person to prospect or mine minerals without having a valid mineral right granted under the Act.

The following mineral rights are granted under the Act (refer Section 7 of the Act): prospecting licence, gemstone prospecting licence, retention licence, special mining licence, mining licence, primary mining licence, processing licence, smelting licence, and refining licence.

Also, Sections 76 and 83 of the Act permits holders of dealer licence and broker licence to buy, acquire, sell or dispose minerals. Furthermore, Regulations 16 and 17 of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 impliedly permits non-residents to acquire minerals from authorised miner, licensed dealer or from a Gem Trade Fair in Tanzania and export the same after fulfilling specified legal requirements in the Act.

Who has the right to trade and/or export minerals?

The following mineral right holders have the right to trade or dispose mineral products recovered: special mining licence, mining licence, primary mining licence, processing licence, smelting licence, and refining licence.

Additionally, holders of dealer licence and broker licence have the right to buy, acquire, sell or dispose minerals as per Sections 76 and 83 of the Mining Act, 2010 respectively.

Tanzanite Regulation 16 of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 permits a non-resident to export minerals acquired by him/her from authorised miner or licensed dealer by applying to the Commissioner for Minerals, upon payment of fees as set out in the First Schedule, for export permit for such minerals. In this case, a special export permit is issued to the applicant by the Commissioner for Minerals.

Furthermore, Regulation 17 of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 permits a non-resident to export minerals obtained from a Gem Trade Fair in Tanzania after payment of fees for the export permit for such minerals. The buyer is also supposed to provide proof of payment of royalty for the minerals to be exported.

A non-resident with a Tourist Visa is permitted, under Regulation 16(2) of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 to export minerals (not more than twice a year) after paying the required export permit fee for minerals with value not exceeding USD 1,000. However, a much higher export permit fee is charged in case the value of minerals to be exported exceeds USD 1,000.

Note: Holders of broker licence are not authorized to export minerals.

What are the permits required for exporting minerals?

Minerals or samples of minerals can only be exported by a mineral right holder or a licensed dealer. A non-resident with an ordinary, business or tourist visa can also export minerals acquired legally in the country after obtaining a special export permit from the Commissioner for Minerals as stipulated in the Act. The following permits are a prerequisite for exporting minerals or samples of minerals from Tanzania:

  1. Export Permit: Export Permit for minerals or samples of minerals is issued by the licensing authority stating, among others, name of licence holder, licence number, type of minerals, net weight, value of minerals to be exported, certification for payment of royalty, date issued, validity of export permit and name of issuing officer.

  2. Export Permit for Minerals from Gem Trade Fair: Regulation 17 of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 permits non-residents to export minerals obtained from a Gem Trade Fair in Tanzania after payment of fees and royalty. In that case, an Export Permit for Minerals from Gem Trade Fair is granted by the Commissioner for Minerals as per Form MTF 18.

  3. Certificate of Origin for Tanzanite Minerals: Regulation 18(1) of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 requires every Export Permit for Tanzanite to be accompanied by a Certificate of Origin issued by an authorized officer. The certificate of origin states, among others, name of licence holder, net weight and value of Tanzanite to be exported, date issued and name of issuing officer. d. Tanzania Kimberley Process Certificate: In the case of diamonds, every Export Permit for diamonds has to be accompanied by a Tanzania Kimberley Process Certificate granted by the Kimberley Process authorized officer from the Tanzania Kimberley Process Office under the Commissioner for Minerals.

  4. Tanzania Kimberley Process Certificate: In the case of diamonds, every Export Permit for diamonds has to be accompanied by a Tanzania Kimberley Process Certificate granted by the Kimberley Process authorized officer from the Tanzania Kimberley Process Office under the Commissioner for Minerals.

  5. Special Export Permit: Regulation 16 of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 requires a non-resident who wishes to export minerals acquired by him/her from an authorised miner or licensed dealer to apply for a Special Export Permit from the Commissioner for Minerals.

However, in case of a non-resident with a Tourist Visa, a different fee applies for exporting minerals with value not exceeding USD 1,000. The same Regulation prohibits the tourist to be issued with a Special Export Permit for more than twice in a year.

In any of the cases above, evidence for payment of royalty for minerals to be exported has to be provided by the exporter.

Note:

What are the permits required for importing minerals?

Regulation 4 of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 requires importation of minerals or samples of minerals into Tanzania to be done after obtaining an Import Permit from the Commissioner for Minerals. The permit shall indicate, among others, name of the importer, type, weight and value of minerals or samples of minerals to be imported, place of entry, destination, means of transportation, and purpose of importation, import fee, date of issue and issuing officer. Regulation 6(9) of the Mining (Mineral Trading) Regulations, 2010 requires the import permit to be submitted to the collector of customs who shall forthwith forward the same to the Commissioner for Minerals.

Note:

It is important to emphasize hereby that Section 101(5) of the Mining Act, 2010 gives the Commissioner for Minerals or any other authorized officer, powers to enter and search (without a search warrant) any premises, vehicle, vessel or aircraft in case there is reasonable grounds to believe that an offense under the Act has been committed. In this case, the Commissioner for Minerals and TMAA have the powers to search minerals on transit in case there is reason for doing so.

What are the penalties for offences relating to unauthorized trading/export of minerals

Section 18(2) of the Mining Act, 2010 prohibits any person other than a mineral right holder, a licensed dealer, or licensed broker to have in his possession, or dispose of, any mineral or samples of minerals, unless as an employee, agent or contractor, he has acquired and holds the mineral or minerals for or on behalf of a mineral right holder, licensed dealer or a licensed broker. Section 18(3) of the Mining Act, 2010 prohibits any person to export from Tanzania any mineral or samples of minerals unless he/she is a mineral right holder or a licensed dealer and has been granted an export permit after paying the royalty due.

According to Section 18(4) of the Mining Act, 2010 any person who contravenes the above provisions of the Act commits an offense and on conviction he/she is liable to a fine not exceeding ten million Shillings or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three years or to both (for an individual); in case of a body corporate to a fine not exceeding fifty million Shillings.

Additionally, Section 6(4) of the Mining Act, 2010 authorizes the Commissioner for Minerals to forfeit minerals obtained in the course of unauthorized prospecting or mining operations including equipment involved in such operations.

What are the key powers of the Commissioner for Minerals and other authorized officers?

What role does TMAA play in combating of illegal trading and smuggling of minerals?

The Tanzania Minerals Audit Agency (TMAA) is a semi-autonomous institution established in 2009 under the Executive Agencies Act, Cap. 245. The Agency was established under G.N. No. 362 of 6th November, 2009. The Agency’s authority to monitor and audit mining operations in the country is also given under Section 4 of the Mining Act of 2010.

The aim of TMAA is to facilitate maximization of Government revenue from the mining industry through effective monitoring and auditing of mining management in the mining areas.

Under the above mentioned Establishment Order, Tanzania Minerals Audit Agency, among other functions, is mandated to counteract minerals smuggling and minerals royalty evasion in collaboration with relevant Government authorities, mainly the Minerals Department, Tanzania Revenue Authority, Tanzania Airports Authority, Tanzania Police Force and Immigration Department. In order to implement effectively this task, TMAA has established Minerals Auditing Desks at all international airports in the country.

What are the fees charged for exportation and importation of minerals?

Type of Permit Export Import
Permit of minerals or samples of minerals US $100 US $300
Special permit of minerals for non-resident (for minerals worth more than USD 1,000) US $2,000 nil
Special permit of minerals for non-resident (for minerals worth more than USD 1,000) US $200 nil
Special permit of minerals purchased at a Gem Trade Fair US $200 US $200

What are the royalty rates on minerals sales?

Type of Mineral Royalty Rate (on gross value)
Uranium, gemstone (rough) and diamond (rough) 5%
Metallic minerals (copper, gold, silver and platinum group metals) 4%
Metallic minerals (copper, gold, silver and platinum group metals) 1%
Metallic minerals (copper, gold, silver and platinum group metals) 3%

Hotlines

Name Position Duty Station Telephone No. Mobile No.
Eng. Ally B. Samaje Acting Commissioner for Minerals Dar es Salaam +255 782 664 085 and +255 22 211 7156 +255 22 211 7159
Eng. Paul Masanja Chief Executive Officer - TMAA Dar es Salaam +255 22 260 1819 +255 754 297 408
Eng. Edwin Ngonyani Chief Inspector of Mines Dar es Salaam +255 22 211 5696 +255 754 466 108
Eng. Benjamin Mchwampaka Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Northern Zone Arusha +255 27 254 4079 +255 786 366 968
Mr. Alex Magayane Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Eastern Zone Dar es Salaam +255 22 215 0243 +255 784 310 576
Mr. Salim S. Salim Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Lake Victoria Zone Mwanza +255 28 250 0066 +255 787 533 986
Eng. David Mulabwa Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Western Zone Mpanda +255 25 282 0194 +255 784 337 212
Mr. Humphrey Mmbando Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Central Western Zone Shinyanga +255 28 276 3282 +255 754 576 503
Mr. Manase Z. Mbasha Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Central Zone Singida +255 26 250 2075 +255 784 645 227
Mr. Aloyce Tesha Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Southern Zone Mtwara +255 23 233 3552 +255 754 291 062
Eng. John Shija Assistant Commissioner for Minerals - Southern Western Zone Mbeya +255 25 250 2921 +255 788 735 563
Mr. Shubi Byabato Assistant Commissioner for Mineral Economics and Trade Dar es Salaam +255 22 211 7156 and +255 22 211 7159 +255 767 360 666
Eng. Dominic Rwekaza Director for Minerals Valuation and Laboratory Services - TMAA Dar es Salaam +255 22 260 1819 +255 754 951 551
Mr. George Kaseza Manager for Minerals Valuation - TMAA Dar es Salaam +255 22 260 1819 +255 767 498 869
Mr. Omar Sige Incharge of Royalty Desk - TMAA Dar es Salaam +255 22 260 1819 +255 767 555 739

Contact Information

COMMISSIONER FOR MINERALS
MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERALS
Samora Avenue
P.O. Box 2000, DAR ES SALAAM
Tel: +255 22 213 7142
Fax: +255 22 212 3688
Email: info@mem.go.tz
Website: <www.mem.go.tz>

TANZANIA MINERALS AUDIT AGENCY
Head Office
Plot No. 1129, Chole Road, Masaki
P.O. Box 23400, DAR ES SALAAM
Tel: +255 22 260 1819
Fax: +255 22 260 1326
Email: info@tmaa.go.tz
Website: <www.tmaa.go.tz>

Mwanza Branch
5th Floor, PPF Plaza,
Plot No. 17/2 & 18, Kenyatta Drive,
P.O. Box 362, MWANZA
Tel: +255 28 2506052
Fax: +255 28 2506051
Email: info@tmaa.go.tz

Certificate of Exportation for Rough Diamonds

Certificate of Exportation for Rough Diamonds

Certificate of Origin of Minerals

Certificate of Origin of Minerals

Export Permit for Minerals

Export Permit for Minerals

Gemstone Valuation Certificate

Gemstone Valuation Certificate

Gold Dealers License

Gold Dealers License

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